Mars 500 les six astronautes sont sortis du vaisseau

first_imgMars 500 : les six “astronautes” sont sortis du vaisseauComme prévu, aujourd’hui à 11H, la porte du vaisseau de l’expérience Mars 500 a été ouverte. Les six astronautes en sont sortis le sourire aux lèvres après un an et demi d’isolement. Tous les yeux des passionnés d’espace et de la presse étaient tournés ce matin vers une porte de l’Institut russe des problèmes médicaux-biologiques (IMBP) situé dans la périphérie de Moscou. Mais pas n’importe quelle porte : celle de la réplique de vaisseau spatial conçue spécialement pour la mission Mars 500. Aujourd’hui, était en effet la date fatidique de la fin de ce projet qui aura duré près d’un an et demi : le jour de la sortie des six volontaires prêts à retrouver la terre ferme et la lumière du jour.A 10H58, la porte était toujours close et scellée, témoignant de l’isolement total des “astronautes” parmi lesquels trois ingénieurs, un médecin, un chirurgien et un physicien. Quelques minutes plus tard, à 11H, un membre du projet a alors rompu cette fermeture et a ouvert la porte. Les volontaires se tenaient prêts et sont sortis un à un, descendant les escaliers pour s’aligner face à leur public. Le Russe Alexey Sitev qui commandait la mission a ensuite fait un bref rapport, expliquant que l’expérience avait été “pleinement complétée” et que tout le monde était “en bonne santé”.  Les six “marsonautes” se sont ensuite succédés au micro pour donner leur première impression, le Français Romain Charles en tête. Sourire aux lèvres, il a expliqué : “Il y a un an et demi, j’ai été sélectionné par l’Agence spatiale européenne pour faire partie de l’équipe de Mars 500. Aujourd’hui, après un voyage immobile de 520 jours, je suis fier de prouver, avec mes compagnons internationaux, qu’un voyage humain vers la Planète rouge est faisable”. Une odyssée spatiale mémorable Le succédant au micro, l’Italo-colombien Diego Urbina a pour sa part confié qu’il était heureux de revenir et a précisé : “Au cours de la mission Mars 500, nous avons accompli sur Terre le plus long voyage spatial jamais effectué pour que l’humain puisse un jour saluer une nouvelle aurore sur une planète distante mais accessible. Et, en tant que membre de l’équipe de l’Agence spatial européenne, je suis honoré d’avoir fait partie de ce défi remarquable en compagnie des cinq personnes les plus professionnelles, amicales et résistantes avec qui j’ai jamais travaillé”.  Après ce premier contact avec la liberté retrouvée et les félicitations des dirigeants de la mission, les six “marsonautes” ont été conduits auprès de leurs familles et de leurs amis qui les attendaient. Au cours des prochains jours, ils subiront une batterie d’examens médicaux et d’évaluations psychologiques mais auront également droit à des moments privés et de relaxation avant de parler aux médias le 8 novembre. La mission se prolongera ensuite encore un peu jusqu’à début décembre, le temps que l’équipe s’applique à une large série de rapports, de tests, d’évaluations pour collecter les dernières données de l’expérience. À lire aussiSpaceX : un satellite d’Elon Musk manque d’entrer en collision avec un satellite de l’ESANéanmoins, le directeur de l’Agence spatiale européenne (ESA) Jean-Jacques Dordain a d’ors et déjà félicité les équipes internationales des résultats obtenus et a expliqué que cette odyssée ouvrait la voie à “une bien plus grande aventure” à destination de Mars. S’il a précisé qu’il ignorait encore si ce voyage aurait effectivement lieu, ni quand il pourrait être lancé, pour lui une chose est sûre : “ce sera une aventure complètement internationale”.Revivez en images la sortie des six “marsonautes” de leur “vaisseau spatial” sur Maxisciences et découvrez un résumé en vidéo des 520 jours de mission vécus par les six volontairesLe 4 novembre 2011 à 13:54 • Maxime Lambertlast_img read more

IS offers a mix of brutality charity during Ramadan

first_img New Valley school lets students pick career-path academies Top Stories Comments   Share   In this Friday, June 19, 2015 photo provided by a website of the Islamic State group, IS members prepare foodstuff to be handed over to the poor during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan in Mosul, northern Iraq. The IS shows two faces to the millions who live under its rule in Iraq and Syria: handing out food and alms to the poor to tout their adherence to the month’s spirit of compassion while meting out sharp punishment to anyone caught breaking the daily fast. (Islamic State militant via AP)n BEIRUT (AP) — During the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, the Islamic State group is showing two faces to the millions who live under its rule in Iraq and Syria — handing out food and alms to the poor to tout their adherence to the month’s spirit of compassion while meting out sharp punishment to anyone caught breaking the daily fast.The double approach reflects the policy that the extremist group has followed ever since it overran large parts of the two countries and declared a “caliphate” in its territory last year. It has sought to build public support by providing services and acting as a functioning government, even as it imposes its strict version of Islamic law through violence. Occasionally, IS authorities organize a free “Iftar,” the sunset meal, in public squares or in mosques, according to Bari Abdul-Latif, an activist from the IS-held Syrian town of al-Bab in Aleppo province. They also sell cylinders of cooking gas at one-fifth of the market price during Ramadan.“They are planting the idea in people’s minds that they are in control,” said Abdul-Latif.___Associated Press writer Sinan Salaheddin contributed to this report from Baghdad.Copyright © The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed. Arizona families, Arizona farms: A legacy of tradition embracing animal care and comfort through modern technology Ex-FBI agent details raid on Phoenix body donation facility Mesa family survives lightning strike to homecenter_img “We’ve lost the beautiful Ramadan atmosphere we are accustomed to,” said Mohammed Ahmed Jassim, a 52-year old grocer and father of three in Fallujah.“Before, you could tell it is Ramadan in every corner in the city,” he said. “Now everyone is staying put at home waiting for his fate.”Many under IS rule are also enduring higher food prices, particularly for produce and bread, in part because of fighting near the Turkish border that saw farmlands burned and because of the takeover by Kurdish fighters last month of Syria’s Tal Abyad border crossing, formerly a key supply route for IS.At the same time, the extremists have unleashed some of their most horrifying brutalities during Ramadan. In the first week of the month, the group released a video purporting to show the killing of 16 men it described as spies by drowning them in a cage lowered to the bottom of a pool, decapitating them with explosives or firing a rocket-propelled grenade at a car they were forced into.Last week, it posted a video that purports to show the killings of some two dozen Syrian army soldiers by young IS fighters with a bullet to the head inside the ruins of the ancient town of Palmyra, with an audience of several hundred people. An IS call for jihad during Ramadan appears to have triggered deadly attacks in Tunisia, Kuwait, Egypt and France over the past weeks. In Syria, IS fighters infiltrated the border town of Kobani, battling Kurdish forces for two days and killing some 250 civilians, including as many as 100 children, many in their homes, according to activists.The Islamic State group’s powerful media machine has also been using Ramadan to promote itself. One carefully choreographed online video depicted what was said to be the life of its fighters on the frontline during the fast, showing them firing on enemies supposedly over the horizon, and then later sitting down for a meal of rice, chicken, dates, pickles and bread to break the fast at sunset.The group also regularly posts online photos of its Ramadan charity. Activists in Iraq and Syria say the militants distribute Ramadan food baskets that include rice, crushed wheat, sugar and cooking oil. They also make dates, juice and mineral water available in mosques for those praying when the day’s fast ends.In Fallujah, IS militants slaughtered sheep and cows and distributed their meat to residents on the first day of Ramadan, according to residents there. In the Iraqi city of Mosul, the biggest city under IS rule, those who break the fast can be punished by being put in a cage in a public square for hours or for several days, said one resident, speaking on condition he be identified only by his first name, Omar, for his own security. In parts of Syria, violators are tied to a wooden cross in public, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which monitors the situation in the country. Other residents and activists reported fast-violators being flogged.Ramadan, which began in mid-June and ends next week, is a time when Muslims around the world seek to be closer to God, refraining from food, water, smoking and sex from dawn to sunset, offering extra prayers, reading the Quran, showing charity for the poor and cementing friendships and family ties. Usually, it’s festive after sunset, with families out visiting each other or gathering at street cafes, playing backgammon, cards or smoking waterpipes.In the IS-ruled city of Fallujah in western Iraq, residents have been told by the group’s authorities not to gather at coffee shops — and anyway, smoking and games are banned. IS has also ordered men to observe a modest dress code during Ramadan, meaning no sleeveless shirts or shorts, common attire for Iraqi men to cope with the unforgiving summer heat. Sponsored Stories How do cataracts affect your vision? Natural spring cleaning tips and tricks for your home Here’s how to repair and patch damaged drywalllast_img read more