Raiders mailbag: On the futures of Derek Carr, Tom Cable and more

first_imgWelcome to the Week 13 mailbag. God bless those of you who are still reading these with your team at 2-9.Several of you asked if/when Jon Gruden will fire offensive line coach Tom Cable and if quarterback Derek Carr will be back next season. I condensed those answers to one question, so apologies to those who asked about Cable and/or Carr who don’t see their names.Without further ado, let’s get rolling. @jsmk20raiders: Should the Raiders ask Carr to take a pay cut? He currently …last_img read more

Six tips for finding a geocache in an environmentally friendly way

first_img SharePrint RelatedGeocaching in Harmony with Nature (Part 2)November 23, 2013In “Community”Geocaching in Harmony with Nature (Part 1)October 26, 2013In “Cache In Trash Out”5 Tips to Achieve Geocaching StardomFebruary 4, 2013In “Community” Geocaching is a great reason to get outside, enjoy a breath of fresh air, and reconnect with nature. If you are like most geocachers, you want to be respectful to your surroundings—especially plants and wildlife! To give you some pointers, we compiled six tips to show your love for Mother Earth when geocaching.1. Come preparedWhen planning a geocaching trip, make sure to read the geocache description carefully. This way you’ll be informed about the seasonal changes in your area. Do not visit caves in which bears or bats hibernate during autumn and winter and educate yourself as not to disturb breeding habitats. Before searching for a night cache in the woods, check in with park rangers or land management to make sure that this is safe for you and for the natural area.2. Stay on trackStick to designated trails and don’t cut across switchbacks when navigating to the geocache. Doing so might disturb flora and fauna along the way.3. Bring garbage bagsGeocacher Cindi Lee G. says: “We cache in and trash out every time we go geocaching or hiking.” We think that’s grand! Next time you go geocaching, include a few garbage bags with your geocaching gear. This way you can pick up litter on the way to and from the geocache. Some geocaches even have an extra compartment for trash bags that geocachers can use to Cache In Trash Out® (CITO) on their way back.4. Leave the car at home If possible, bike or walk to the geocache location. This is not only great for your health and good for the environment, the slower pace might even make you notice things along the way you would have never seen speeding by in your car.5. Respect wildlife and plantsObserve wild animals from afar. Never feed or try to touch them. Be conscious where you are stepping so you don’t destroy fragile plants and mushrooms. Pro-Tip from Geocacher Sarah H.: “Please clean your footwear and gear when hiking in various places. Footwear caked in mud and plant material is a good way to spread invasive species.”6. It is OK to DNFYou have searched in all the obvious places. You took a good look at the geocache description and the hint, but you still couldn’t find it. Log your DNF (Did Not Find) online to let the geocache owner know that you did not find the geocache. Don’t keep on searching, turning over every stone, and potentially ravaging the area. Keep in mind: A DNF is not admission to failure, it is just honest communication.We hope these tips will help you sharpen your nature senses and become a skilled environmentally friendly geocacher. Do you have another tip for environmentally friendly geocaching? Let us know in the comments below!Share with your Friends:Morelast_img read more

The Facts about PCOS

first_imgSelena Wang, James Scholar Honors projectPolycystic ovarian syndrome, also known as PCOS, is a hormonal disease that can affect the ovaries, with a prevalence of around 6.5% of women of reproductive age.3 Diagnosis is when two or more of the following three criteria are met: presence of irregular menstrual periods, excess androgens (greater than typical amounts of male hormones), or ovarian cysts. Hirsutism (undesired male-pattern type hair growth in women) may be an additional symptom, but is not diagnostic criteria.2PCOS has also been epidemiologically linked to type 2 diabetes (T2D), in which in one study by Gambineri et al., it was found that of their studied patients with PCOS, 15.7% had impaired glucose tolerance.4 In another study, by Moran et. al, there was increased prevalence of T2D in women with PCOS, with odds ratios of 4.43, and 4.00 when BMI-matched.5 This epidemiological link between PCOS and T2D may be due to insulin resistance presenting in both diseases.1Because of this epidemiological link between PCOS and T2D, patients with PCOS are at risk for developing T2D, and dietitians treating patients with PCOS should also consider strategies for diabetes prevention.In one study, women with PCOS consumed three 16-day long eucaloric diets, each diet being separated by a 3-week washout period. It was found that in general, fasting insulin blood levels were lower in diets with lower dietary carbohydrate intake (43% vs 56% total kCal), and may be able to improve endocrine and reproductive function in the future for women with PCOS.3A study done by researchers at Stanford University compared results between two isocaloric diets, both given to obese women with PCOS and insulin resistance. One of the diets was standard (60% carbohydrates/25% fat) and one was low carbohydrates/high unsaturated fat (40% carbohydrates/45% fat), both of which the remainder was composed of 15% protein and <7% saturated fat.  After three weeks on each diet, daylong glucose, insulin, and fasting lipids were measured in each participant.It was discovered that although daylong glucose was not significantly different between the two diets, insulin concentrations in the women on the low carbohydrates diet had significantly lower daylong insulin levels (30% lower,) along with some observations of beneficial changes to their lipid profile levels (observations of lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.) As a result, this dietary intervention of low carbohydrates and high unsaturated fat may be a potential dietary treatment for patients with PCOS in preventing the onset of T2D.7Dietitians can play an important role in the management of PCOS, and strategies are needed to increase referrals of patients with PCOS to dietitians. In addition, sound advice for dietary lifestyle choices for the prevention of type 2 diabetes in PCOS patients is an important part of patient care.References:Barber, T. M., & Franks, S. (2012). The link between polycystic ovarian syndrome and both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus: What do we know today? Women’s Health.Boyle, J., & Teede, H. J. (2012). Polycystic ovary syndrome: An update. Australian Family Physician, 41(10), 752-756.Douglas, C. C., Gower, B. A., Darnell, B. E., Ovalle, F., Oster, R. A., & Azziz, R. (2006). Role of diet in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome. Fertil Steril.Gambineri, A., Pelusi, C., Manicardi, E., Vicennati, V., Cacciari, M., & Morselli-Labate, A. M. (2004). Glucose intolerance in a large cohort of Mediterranean women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Diabetes, 2353-2358.Moran, L. J., Misso, M. L., Wild, R. A., & Norman, R. J. (2010). Impaired glucose tolerance, type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome in polycystic ovary syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Human Reproduction Update, 16(4), 347-363.PCOS (Part 2) [Image]. (2017). Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/ File:PCOS_(Part_2).pngPerelman, D., Coghlan, N., Lamendola, C., Carter, S., Abbasi, F., & McLaughlin, T. (2017). Substituting poly- and mono-unsaturated fat for dietary carbohydrate reduces hyperinsulinemia in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Gynecological Endocrinology, 33(4), 324–327. https://doi.org/10.1080/09513590.2016.1259407Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). (2014). Retrieved from www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/last_img read more